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Selective Plane Imaging Microscopy
Drosophila Embryo - Selective Plane Imaging Microscopy (R. Duronio Laboratory)

"Photoactivation" in the Alexa488 (green emission) channel after UV illumination used for DAPI imaging
Before UV.tif After UV.tif
1st Captured Image.  Note except for 3 cells most cells are dark in the green channel. 3rd Captured Image - Note the increase in intensity of the nuclei in the green channel
Imaged widefield sequentially Ab1+TexasRed then Ab2+Alexa488 then DAPI.  Single wavelength bandpass cubes.  Images same gain and exposure times for each respective channel.

On the cover of Glia - Jian Zou, Ryan Vetreno, Fulton Crews





Loblolly Pine Pollen (left transmitted illumination) & fluorescence emission to 458 nm excitation



Charge Coupled Device (CCD) invented in 1969 by Willard Boyle and George Smith at AT&T Bell Labs.  Nobel Prize 2009.
Magenta Darkfield
Yellow Confocal reflection
Green Fluorescence

Raster Scanning FRAP - Kristin Slade

Dr. Alain Burette


Live Muscle Spindle - DIC with digital local contrast enhancement Pancreatic islet - DIC + fluorescence to detect nuclei (blue), glucagon (green), and insulin (red).  Dr. J. Schisler


Human Red Blood Cell infected with Plasmodium falciparum

Same view as left, showing only DB75 and Mitotracker

DIC image, red Mitotracker, blue is DB75, green is DRAQ5

Rotation of above.         Purfield, Tidwell & Mesnick


Cell membranes outlined with FM 4-64

Tiff format image FM 4-64 tiff format DIC tiff format


Thin transverse section of a Neuro Muscular Junction.  Best wide field view of a z-series

Same section as left deconvolved on a DeltaVisonRT imaging system

Red label is Alpha-bungarotoxin TexasRed.  Green label is con-A FITC. Click on image to view full field of view.  Sample prepared by Dr. Neal Kramarcy.  Image scanned and deconvolved by M. Chua.


Dissociated airway epithelial cells.  S. Okada et al

Cell membranes outlined with FM 4-64.  Brooke Haddock



Well differentiated airway epithelial cells cultured on a membrane.  NaK-ATPase (green) is on the basolateral membrane.  Nuclei are labeled with Propidium Iodide (red).  Cilia (gray) above apical membrane (light gray) are imaged using DIC.    Tissue prepared and imaged on a confocal microscope by Dr. A. Livraghi, Cystic Fibrosis Center, UNC.





Cell from human nasal scrape: confocal view. Gray is DIC, green is Tubulin-Ab, red is Ab being assessed. Tissue & image by Rob Wonsetler & Larry Ostrowski.


Cell membranes outlined with FM 4-64.  Brooke Haddock

DAPI labeled chromosomes, Jan LaRocque


Volunteer, Joe Cool, participating in a particle inhalation study. Name and image anonymized.





  Rendered view of a mouse Neuromuscular Junction.  Sample by Dr. Robert Sealock.

X-Z axis confocal scans of a 10 um fluorescent bead viewed in  with 10x 0.3NA, 20x 0.7NA oil, 40x 1.25NA oil & 100x 1.4NA oil objectives.  The images have been scaled to display the bead at the same size.



Arabidopsis guard cell labeled with GFP targeted to the membrane. Images scanned on a Zeiss 510 meta confocal microscope.  Sample provided by Shouling Xu.

  (click on image to see a larger animation)  
A live root tip of Arabidopsis.  Plasma membrane labeling with FM 1-43 simultaneously scanned with DIC using a Zeiss 510 confocal microscope. Arabidopsis guard cell labeled with GFP targeted to the membrane.  Rendered with Volocity 2.6.1. Rendered with T3D
  Please note that these images are not intended as a comparison of Volocity and T3D.  Several factors including transparency and threshold are not equivalent.
Below: 3 color z-stack antibody localization in epithelial cell tissue culture, using Zeiss Meta Multitracking, with minimal intensity lasers. Image generated by Alan S Fanning, Ph.D. Cell and Molecular Physiology and Tim Oliver
Tight Junctions are Disrupted in Epithelial Cells Expressing an Altered ZO-1 Transgene. A Madine-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell line expressing a myc-tagged ZO-1 transgene was fixed in Ethanol/Acetone and stained with antisera against the c-myc epitope tag (Cy2-green), the transmembrane protein occludin (Cy3-red), and an antiserum specific for the canine ZO-1 (Cy5-blue). The cells were imaged with a 100X PlanApo lens on the Zeiss 510 LSC Microscope using the Meta detector. Note that the transgene (red) forms large ectopic structures distinct from the normal circumferential distribution of the endogenous ZO-1 polypeptide (blue), and that the transmembrane protein occludin is also recruited into these extopic structures (green).
Dr. Alan Fanning
Maximum projection of a z-series scan through a mouse embryo.  Scanned on a Leica SP2 confocal microscope 

Mouse embryo
Dr. Jaime Rivera

Z-series scan acquired using a Zeiss 510 confocal microscope.  Render using Volocity 2 made by Dr. Michael Chua

Quick Time version of movie (855 KB)

Arabidopsis root hair
Dr. Patrick Vincent

2.1 MByte

2.1 MByte

Triple labeled airway - dapi, FITC and Texas Red  

Lung airway mucus
Dr. Hiro Matsui
Fluorescent beads
in fluorescent mucus
Mucus above airway cells
Dr. Ray Pickles
Airway cilia. DIC
sequence acquired
at 3.9 fps using a laser
scanning confocal
microscope, Dr. P.
Sears & Dr, A. Rossi
Triple Antibody
labeled sensory
cortex, Dr. Sejin Huang

Coronal section of spinal cord
labeled fluro gold, VR1 &
PKC gamma, Dr. Yan Lu


Selective Plane Imaging Microscopy
Drosophila Embryo - Maximum projection of 215 sections acquired in using selective plane imaging microscopy (SPIM).  Sample provided by R. Duronio Laboratory. Mouse head CT scan - maximum projection render made with Volocity (Click image for 50 um/voxel view). Note the occlusion artifacts due to max. projection.


St. Nicolas Church, Leipzig DE.  Before the Berlin Wall fell there was the Friendly Revolution of 10 June 1989 (text). Checkpoint Charlie guard tower now at the Newseum, Washington DC  





Ernst Abbe memorial at Jena, Germany: The insert, lower left, shows an enlargement of the famous diffraction equation engraved on the equator of the sphere.


Ice storm of December 2002: Medical Drive & S. Colombia St. with the UNC Bell tower in the background.

  Wind Storm April 2007


ITK: Segmentation & Registration Toolkit

VTK: Visualization Toolkit

Kitware - Medical Imaging


Anzac Cove, Turkey (Anzac Day)

South Columbia over Dental Research Bldg

Science after the snow fall - Feb 2014

A memorial to an enemy commander on Anzac Parade. Officially the area is declared Turkish territory.
April 25 ANZAC Day (1915) - "Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives ... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours ... You, the mothers who sent their sons from faraway countries, wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."
Kemal Atatürk
We are saddened and shocked to hear of the passing of Tim Oliver, who was an employee at the Michael Hooker Microscopy Facility before he joined the Cell Biology Department at Duke University.  Memorial Gathering at Duke - April 15, 2011.

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Copyright 2001-14  Dr. M. Chua, Office of Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599

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Last Updated: 2015-08-06